What is Graves Disease and How is it Treated?

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Graves disease is a form of hypothyroidism; patients with this disease experience it once the immune system attacks the thyroid gland which overproduces a hormone called thyroxin. Thyroxin is a major hormone secreted by the follicular cells of the thyroid gland. Individuals suffering from Graves’ disease can expect a number of side effects from the abnormal immune response.

Patients experiencing Graves disease suffer from frequent bowel movements, brittle hair, light menstrual periods(women), an increase in perspiration, and more. The symptoms of Graves disease are uncomfortable for the most part including the enlargement of one’s thyroid gland from the excessive secretion of the follicular cells. one of the most common symptoms include swelling of the eyes.

Women in their 20s are the most common sufferers of Graves disease; the irregular attacks on their thyroid glands tends to cause excessive weight loss. Other problems can arise including Graves dermopathy and Graves ophthalomathy. The causes of these extended symptoms or reactions are caused by the mistakenly attacked thyroid gland from your immune system.

The only treatments available for this condition is radioactive iodine treatment, anti-thyroid medications, beta blockers, and surgery. For most women or patients suffering from this condition, they choose which treatment is best for their body’s reaction. All Graves disease patients do not have the same reaction to the excessive thyroid hormone so it requires testing from medical specialists.

In order to establish a better understanding of each case, medical specialist perform blood tests, physical exams, or radioactive iodine intake. The blood samples will identify your levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroxin. Thyroxin levels must be extremely low while the thyroxin is higher. A physician could consider this Graves disease but more test are required. Your physician will be able to find out what is Graves disease and the best treatment possible once all tests are completed.

Source by Lewis Stonham

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